ViñalesValley, (Valle de Viñales) , unquestionably, is one of the parts of Cuba, best known internationally. UNESCO has declared "Valle de Viñales" to be part of world culture and the area is being protected by constitution since February 1976, it’s also declared a national monument in October 1978.
The small town of Viñales is located in the "Sierra de los Organos", an integral part of the Guaniguanico range, in a fertile plain, planted with vertical monoliths (hummocks). Its beauty and size, 132 square km (51 square miles) make it the most outstanding example of karst valleys in Cuba. This fertile area is surrounded by hills with vertical sides and rounded tops, called "Mogotes", Jurassic orogenic formations, rarely known in the world.
Viñales is an agricultural area, where crops of fruit, vegetables, coffee and especially tobacco are grown with traditional methods. Fishing is also an important part of the area's economy.
You can rent a car in Havana City and go to Viñales and travelled by the valley and admired the beauties of this unique landscape. You can find accommodation in Viñales Hotels that form part of "Flexi, Fly and Drive" program in Cuba.
Attractive places in Viñales incluye "El Museo Municipal", "Casa de Caridad", Botanical Garden, "Museo Paleontológico, San Diego de los Baños, El Palenque de los Cimarrones" (a Maroon village) and the nearby caves. You can still appreciate the traditions of the lifestyle of the area, better represented by "El Jardín de Caridad and Carmen Miranda", on the outskirts of the town of Viñales and considered a jewel of local culture.
Viñales Tourism is centered on Viñales Valley, and there are three hotels located a few kilometers outside of town, rated three stars: Hotel La Ermita, Hotel Los Jazmines and Hotel Rancho Horizontes San Vicente and in one of the "Mogotes", known as "Dos Hermanas" is the Camping Dos Hermanas, consists of 54 cabins (available for tourists), a pool and a restaurant. Here is one of the largest murals from prehistory to sky open in the world. With 120 meters high and 180 wide at the side of the elevation mentioned, the Mural of Prehistory is a singular representation of the biological evolution of the Sierra de los Organos.
The "Valle de Viñales" National Park has the largest cave system in Cuba, "Cueva del Indio", ( crossed by the San Juan river, partly navigable are the delight of its visitors ), "Cueva de Jose Miguel, Cueva de Santo Tomas" ( the largest of the Antilles, with 45 miles), which were refuge for run-away slaves. There is also a cave which doubles as a nightclub.
It is surrounded by pincushion hills, With 140 to 400 m (between 460 and 1312 feet) high, the only hills of this kind in Cuba, which contain many caves and underground rivers (which are navigable in part). Their caves have indelible traces of the earliest inhabitants of the island, and African slaves arrived after the conquest. Six of them have valuable paintings, and form one of the most extensive cave systems in Latin America.
You can also go hiking, cycling, trekking, climbing and horseback riding. The options generally allow us to observe the beauties of the park and interact with the rural population, located mainly in the cultivation fields of the best tobacco in the world.